|The word scale comes from the Latin Scala meaning a ladder. Scales in music are basically a ladder
of notes. A simple music scale is a series of notes in alphbetical order from any note to its octave
moving either upwards or downwards.
There are two kinds of scale - diatonic and chromatic
A diatonic scale is a seven-note scale consisting of half-step and whole-step intervals whereas a
Diatonic scales are divided into two kinds: Major and Minor
A major scale consists of the following intervals:
· Whole - Whole - Half - Whole - Whole - Whole - Half
Every major scale has a corresponding relative minor scale. A relative minor scale consists of the
For example; A minor is the relative major of C major.
· C D E F G A B - C major
· A B D E F G A - A minor
There are 3 types of minor scales.
The harmonic minor, melodic minor, and natural minor.
The natural minor is the most common scale, because it is simply consists of the same interval
· Whole - Half - Whole - Whole - Half - Whole - Whole
The natural minor scale with a raised 7th scale degree. (A B C D E F G# A)
The natural minor scale with a raised 6th and 7th scale degrees (A B C D E F# G# A)
The major and minor scales (natural, harmonic minor & melodic minor) are all considered to be
Two commonly used scales in popular music are:
Loosely defined as a five note scale, the pentatonic usually refers to the specific 5 note scale
A C D E G - A Minor Pentatonic
The Blues Scale
The "blues scale", or blues pentatonic is just a minor pentatonic with an additional flattened fifth
A C D Eb E G - A Blues pentatonic.